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Exploring Data Aggregation in Policy Learning for Vision-based Urban Autonomous Driving

2020

Conference Paper

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Data aggregation techniques can significantly improve vision-based policy learning within a training environment, e.g., learning to drive in a specific simulation condition. However, as on-policy data is sequentially sampled and added in an iterative manner, the policy can specialize and overfit to the training conditions. For real-world applications, it is useful for the learned policy to generalize to novel scenarios that differ from the training conditions. To improve policy learning while maintaining robustness when training end-to-end driving policies, we perform an extensive analysis of data aggregation techniques in the CARLA environment. We demonstrate how the majority of them have poor generalization performance, and develop a novel approach with empirically better generalization performance compared to existing techniques. Our two key ideas are (1) to sample critical states from the collected on-policy data based on the utility they provide to the learned policy in terms of driving behavior, and (2) to incorporate a replay buffer which progressively focuses on the high uncertainty regions of the policy's state distribution. We evaluate the proposed approach on the CARLA NoCrash benchmark, focusing on the most challenging driving scenarios with dense pedestrian and vehicle traffic. Our approach improves driving success rate by 16% over state-of-the-art, achieving 87% of the expert performance while also reducing the collision rate by an order of magnitude without the use of any additional modality, auxiliary tasks, architectural modifications or reward from the environment.

Author(s): Aditya Prakash and Aseem Behl and Eshed Ohn-Bar and Kashyap Chitta and Andreas Geiger
Book Title: Proceedings IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
Year: 2020

Department(s): Autonomous Vision
Bibtex Type: Conference Paper (inproceedings)

Event Name: IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2020
Event Place: Seattle, USA

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BibTex

@inproceedings{Prakash2020CVPR,
  title = {Exploring Data Aggregation in Policy Learning for Vision-based Urban Autonomous Driving},
  author = {Prakash, Aditya and Behl, Aseem and Ohn-Bar, Eshed and Chitta, Kashyap and Geiger, Andreas},
  booktitle = { Proceedings IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
  year = {2020}
}